1. Make an appointment with your doctor- Find out what medication you are taking, both prescription and over-the-counter. You can review with your doctor what kind of side effects might increase the risk of falling. Be prepared to talk to your doctor about times where you have fallen or almost fallen. Work with your doctor to make a specific fall-prevention plan.
2. Keep moving- Before starting any activity consult with your doctor. Ask your doctor if walking, water workouts or tai chi would be good activities for you to enjoy. Exercise can improve strength and balance.
3. Wear sensible shoes! Wear shoes that fit properly with nonskid soles. An added benefit is that sensible shoes may help reduce joint pain.
4. Remove home hazards- Remove boxes, newspapers, electrical cords and phone cords from walkways, move coffee tables, magazine racks and plant stands from high-traffic areas, secure loose rugs with double-faced tape, tacks or a slip-resistant backing — or remove loose rugs from your home, repair loose, wooden floorboards and carpeting right away, store clothing, dishes, food and other necessities within easy reach, immediately clean spilled liquids, grease or food, use nonslip mats in your bathtub or shower and use a bath seat, which allows you to sit while showering.
5. Light up your living space- Keep your home brightly light. Use night lights in your bedroom and bathroom. Keep a clear path to all light switchers. Keep flashlights easily accessible in case of power outages.
6. Use assistive devices- There are many different types of assistive devices such as: hand rails for both sides of stairways, nonslip treads for bare-wood steps, a raised toilet seat or one with armrests and a grab bars for the shower or tub.